Version:

sku1sp.gms : Multi-product assemble model with discrete and Poisson demand distribution

**Description**

This is a multi-product assembly model, adopted from Section 1.3.1 of the book Lectures on Stochastic Programming: Modeling and Theory by Alexander Shapiro, Darinka Dentcheva and Andrzej Ruszczynski. A manufacturer produces n products using m parts which are ordered from the suppliers. In the first stage, the manufacturer decides how many units of each part to order, and after the (random) demands of the products are observed in the second stage, it then decides how many units of each product to make and sell. The objective is to maximize the overall profit. In this model, the random demands are modeled by discrete random variables or Poisson distributions. The model can be solved by solvers such as lindo and de. Contributor: Yanchao Liu, January 2012.

**Small Model of Type : ** SP

**Category :** GAMS EMP library

**Main file :** sku1sp.gms

```
$title Multi-product assemble model with discrete and Poisson demand distribution (SKU1SP,SEQ=92)
$onText
This is a multi-product assembly model, adopted from Section 1.3.1 of the book
Lectures on Stochastic Programming: Modeling and Theory by Alexander Shapiro,
Darinka Dentcheva and Andrzej Ruszczynski.
A manufacturer produces n products using m parts which are ordered from the
suppliers. In the first stage, the manufacturer decides how many units of each
part to order, and after the (random) demands of the products are observed in
the second stage, it then decides how many units of each product to make and
sell. The objective is to maximize the overall profit.
In this model, the random demands are modeled by discrete random variables
or Poisson distributions.
The model can be solved by solvers such as lindo and de.
Contributor: Yanchao Liu, January 2012.
$offText
$ifI not %gams.emp%==lindo $set doDisc 1
$if not set doDisc $set doDisc 0
$if %doDisc%==1 $set NSCEN 9
$if not set NSCEN $set NSCEN 100
sets i Product /i1*i2/
j Part /j1*j5/;
Table Data(*,*)
j1 j2 j3 j4 j5 l q d
c 10 30 10 100 50
v 1 8 2 30 10
i1 10 5 5 1 1 500 1200 10
i2 8 5 0 2 1 600 3000 20;
Parameters
a(i,j) how many part j needed to make a unit of product i
c(j) cost of procuring a unit of part j
v(j) salvage value of a unit of part j
l(i) manufacturing cost of a unit of product i
q(i) selling price of a unit of product i
d(i) demand of product i;
a(i,j) = Data(i,j);
c(j) = Data('c',j);
v(j) = Data('v',j);
l(i) = Data(i,'l');
q(i) = Data(i,'q');
d(i) = Data(i,'d');
Positive variables
x(j) how many units of part j to order in the first stage
z(i) how many units of product i to make and sell in scenario s
y(j) how many units of part j to be left over in scenario s
Variable profit;
Equations
obj defines the profit(negative of the cost)
defy(j) defines the part leftover y
ubz(i) product sold cannot exceed the demand;
obj.. profit =e= -sum(j,c(j)*x(j)) - (sum(i,(l(i)-q(i))*z(i)) - sum(j,v(j)*y(j)));
defy(j).. y(j) =e= x(j) - sum(i, a(i,j)*z(i));
ubz(i).. z(i) =l= d(i);
model sku1 /all/;
*solve sku1 max profit using lp;
file emp / '%emp.info%' /; put emp;
if (%doDisc%,
$onPut
randvar d('i1') discrete 0.1 5 0.2 10 0.7 12
randvar d('i2') discrete 0.1 17 0.2 20 0.7 25
$offPut
else
$onPut
randvar d('i1') poisson 10
randvar d('i2') poisson 20
$offPut
);
putclose 'stage 2 z y d defy ubz';
Set s scenarios / s1*s%NSCEN% /
Parameter
s_d(s,i) random variable realization
s_y(s,j) level of y by scenario
s_z(s,i) z2 by scenario
s_x(s,j) x by scenario (should be the same for all scenarios)
s_profit(s) profit by scenario;
Set dict / s. scenario.''
d. randvar. s_d
y. level. s_y
z. level. s_z
x. level. s_x
profit.level. s_profit/;
$ifI not %GAMS.emp%==lindo $goTo contsolve
$echo STOC_NSAMPLE_STAGE=%NSCEN% > lindo.opt
sku1.optfile = 1;
$label contsolve
solve sku1 max profit using emp scenario dict;
display s_d, s_y, s_z, s_x, x.l, s_profit, profit.l;
```