robustlp.gms : Robust linear programming as an SOCP

**Description**

Consider a linear optimization problem of the form min_x c^Tx s.t. a_i^Tx <= b_i, i=1,..,m. In practice, the coefficient vectors a_i may not be known perfectly, as they are subject to noise. Assume that we only know that a_i in E_i, where E_i are given ellipsoids. In robust optimization, we seek to minimize the original objective, but we insist that each constraint be satisfied, irrespective of the choice of the corresponding vector a_i in E_i. We obtain the second-order cone optimization problem min_x c^Tx s.t. a'_i^Tx + ||R_i^Tx|| <= b_i, i=1,..,m, where E_i = { a'_i + R_iu | ||u|| <= 1}. In the above, we observe that the feasible set is smaller than the original one, due to the terms involving the l_2-norms. The figure above illustrates the kind of feasible set one obtains in a particular instance of the above problem, with spherical uncertainties (that is, all the ellipsoids are spheres, R_i = rho I for some rho >0). We observe that the robust feasible set is indeed contained in the original polyhedron. In this particular example we allow coefficients A(i,*) to vary in an ellipsoid. The robust LP is reformulated as a SOCP. Contributed by Michael Ferris, University of Wisconsin, Madison

**Reference**

- Lobo, M S, Vandenberghe, L, Boyd, S, and Lebret, H, Applications of Second Order Cone Programming. Linear Algebra and its Applications 284, 1-3 (1998), 193-228.

**Small Model of Type :** QCP

**Category :** GAMS Model library

**Main file :** robustlp.gms

```
$title Robust linear programming as an SOCP (ROBUSTLP,SEQ=416)
$onText
Consider a linear optimization problem of the form
min_x c^Tx s.t. a_i^Tx <= b_i, i=1,..,m.
In practice, the coefficient vectors a_i may not be known perfectly,
as they are subject to noise. Assume that we only know that a_i in E_i,
where E_i are given ellipsoids. In robust optimization, we seek to minimize
the original objective, but we insist that each constraint be satisfied,
irrespective of the choice of the corresponding vector a_i in E_i.
We obtain the second-order cone optimization problem
min_x c^Tx s.t. a'_i^Tx + ||R_i^Tx|| <= b_i, i=1,..,m,
where E_i = { a'_i + R_iu | ||u|| <= 1}. In the above, we observe that
the feasible set is smaller than the original one, due to the terms involving
the l_2-norms.
The figure above illustrates the kind of feasible set one obtains in a particular
instance of the above problem, with spherical uncertainties (that is, all the
ellipsoids are spheres, R_i = rho I for some rho >0). We observe that the robust
feasible set is indeed contained in the original polyhedron.
In this particular example we allow coefficients A(i,*) to vary in an ellipsoid.
The robust LP is reformulated as a SOCP.
Contributed by Michael Ferris, University of Wisconsin, Madison
Lobo, M S, Vandenberghe, L, Boyd, S, and Lebret, H, Applications of
Second Order Cone Programming. Linear Algebra and its Applications,
Special Issue on Linear Algebra in Control, Signals and Image
Processing. 284 (November, 1998).
Keywords: linear programming, quadratic constraint programming, robust optimization,
second order cone programming
$offText
$if not set mu $set mu 1.0e-2
Set
i / 1*7 /
j / 1*4 /;
Parameter b(i), c(j), A(i,j);
b(i) = 1;
c(j) = -1;
option seed = 0;
A(i,j) = uniform(0,1);
Variable obj, x(j);
Equation defobj, cons(i);
defobj.. obj =e= sum(j, c(j)*x(j));
cons(i).. sum(j, A(i,j)*x(j)) =l= b(i);
Model lpmod / defobj, cons /;
solve lpmod using lp min obj;
Parameter results(*,*);
results('lp',j) = x.l(j);
results('lp','obj') = obj.l;
Scalar mu / %mu% /;
Positive Variable lambda(j), gamma(j);
Equation lpcons(i), defdual(j);
* A(i,*) \in A(i,*) + [-mu(i) 1, mu(i) 1] (infty norm ball)
* constraint is mu(i) * norm(x)_1 + Ax <= b (just use one mu here)
* just implement one norm (dual of inf norm) using lambda and gamma
lpcons(i).. mu*sum(j, lambda(j) + gamma(j)) + sum(j, A(i,j)*x(j)) =l= b(i);
defdual(j).. lambda(j) - gamma(j) =e= x(j);
Model lproblp / defobj, lpcons, defdual /;
solve lproblp using lp min obj;
results('roblp',j) = x.l(j);
results('roblp','obj') = obj.l;
Alias (j,k);
Parameter P(i,j,k);
P(i,j,j) = %mu%;
Variable y(i), v(i,k);
Equation defrhs(i), defv(i,k), socpcons(i);
defrhs(i).. y(i) =e= b(i) - sum(j, A(i,j)*x(j));
defv(i,k).. v(i,k) =e= sum(j, P(i,j,k)*x(j));
Equation socpqcpcons(i);
socpqcpcons(i).. sqr(y(i)) =g= sum(k, sqr(v(i,k)));
Model roblpqcp / defobj, socpqcpcons, defrhs, defv /;
y.lo(i) = 0;
option qcp = cplexd;
solve roblpqcp using qcp min obj;
results('qcp',j) = x.l(j);
results('qcp','obj') = obj.l;
display results;
```