rocket.gms : Goddard rocket COPS 2.0 #10

Description

Maximize the final altitude of a vertically launched rocket, using the
thrust as a control and given the initial mass, the fuel mass, and the
drag characteristics of the rocket.

This model is from the COPS benchmarking suite.
See http://www-unix.mcs.anl.gov/~more/cops/.

The number of discretization points can be specified using the command
line parameter. COPS performance tests have been reported for nh = 50,
100, 200, 400


References

  • Dolan, E D, and More, J J, Benchmarking Optimization Software with COPS. Tech. rep., Mathematics and Computer Science Division, 2000.
  • Bryson, A E, Dynamic Optimization. Addison Wesley, 1999.

Large Model of Type : NLP


Category : GAMS Model library


Main file : rocket.gms

$title Goddard Rocket COPS 2.0 #10 (ROCKET,SEQ=238)

$onText
Maximize the final altitude of a vertically launched rocket, using the
thrust as a control and given the initial mass, the fuel mass, and the
drag characteristics of the rocket.

This model is from the COPS benchmarking suite.
See http://www-unix.mcs.anl.gov/~more/cops/.

The number of discretization points can be specified using the command
line parameter. COPS performance tests have been reported for nh = 50,
100, 200, 400


Dolan, E D, and More, J J, Benchmarking Optimization
Software with COPS. Tech. rep., Mathematics and Computer
Science Division, 2000.

Bryson, A E, Dynamic Optimization. Addison Wesley, 1999.

Keywords: nonlinear programming, aerospace engineering, Goddard rocket
$offText

$if not set nh $set nh 50

Set h  'intervals' / h0*h%nh% /;

Scalar
   h_0 'initial height'              /  1   /
   v_0 'initial velocity'            /  0   /
   m_0 'initial mass'                /  1   /
   g_0 'gravity at the surface'      /  1   /
   nh  'number of intervals in mesh' / %nh% /
   t_c 'thrust constant'             /  3.5 /
   v_c                               / 620  /
   h_c                               / 500  /
   m_c                               / 0.6  /
   D_c
   m_f 'final mass'
   c;

Variable final_velocity;

Positive Variable
   step  'step size'
   v(h)  'velocity'
   ht(h) 'height'
   g(h)  'gravity'
   m(h)  'mass'
   t(h)  'thrust'
   d(h)  'drag';

Equation
   df(h) 'drag function'
   gf(h) 'gravity function'
   obj
   h_eqn(h)
   v_eqn(h)
   m_eqn(h);

obj..        final_velocity =e= ht('h%nh%');

df(h)..      d(h)  =e= D_c*sqr(v(h))*exp(-h_c*(ht(h) - h_0)/h_0);

gf(h)..      g(h)  =e= g_0*sqr(h_0/ht(h));

h_eqn(h-1).. ht(h) =e= ht(h-1) + .5*step*(v(h) + v(h-1));

m_eqn(h-1).. m(h)  =e= m(h-1) - .5*step*(T(h) + T(h-1))/c;

v_eqn(h-1).. v(h)  =e= v(h-1) + .5*step*((T(h) - D(h) - m(h)*g(h))/m(h)
                              + (T(h-1) - D(h-1) - m(h-1)*g(h-1))/m(h-1));

c   = 0.5*sqrt(g_0*h_0);
m_f = m_c*m_0;
D_c = 0.5*v_c*(m_0/g_0);

ht.lo(h) = h_0;
t.lo(h)  = 0.0;
t.up(h)  = T_c*(m_0*g_0);
m.lo(h)  = m_f;
m.up(h)  = m_0;

ht.fx('h0')   = h_0;
v.fx('h0')    = v_0;
m.fx('h0')    = m_0;
m.fx('h%nh%') = m_f;

ht.l(h) = 1;
v.l(h)  = ((ord(h) - 1)/nh)*(1 - ((ord(h) - 1)/nh));
m.l(h)  = (m_f - m_0)*((ord(h) - 1)/nh) + m_0;
t.l(h)  = t.up(h)/2;
step.l  = 1/nh;

* Initial values for intermediate variables
d.l(h) = D_c*sqr(v.l(h))*exp(-h_c*(ht.l(h) - h_0)/h_0);
g.l(h) = g_0*sqr(h_0/ht.l(h));

Model rocket / all /;

$if set workSpace rocket.workSpace = %workSpace%

solve rocket using nlp maximizing final_velocity;